Tag Archives: hiking

History 101: Snowshoes

From our sister site, snowshoes.com

From Europe to North America to Asia, people began using snowshoes over 4,000 years ago out of a basic need to explore new territories and to find food in the winter. With vast regions of the world snowbound for much of the year, hunters looked to emulate successful winter travelers like the snowshoe hare, whose oversized feet enabled them to move quickly over deep snow. In areas like central Europe, historians have discovered snowshoe-like tools, with the use of large leather flats and round wooden blocks, but the traditional webbed snowshoe design was developed and thrived with Native Americans.

The great success of snowshoes for winter travel was first observed by European explorers with Northeastern tribes such as the Huron and Algonquin, which led subsequent trappers, hunters, and surveyors to adopt snowshoes as their own. Some of the earliest snowshoes were over 7 feet long which, though unwieldy, were helpful in navigating through very deep, powdery snow. Snowshoers looked to the naturally efficient design of animal paws and began modeling their snowshoes after animal prints they found in nature. The popular “beavertail” style had a round nose with the ends coming together in a long tail. The “bearpaw” was short and wide with a round tail, as its name implies. Both styles have had enormous influence on modern snowshoe design.

Snowshoes.com | Origin of Snowshoeing

While the length and width of snowshoes varied over the years, they were typically large, made with ash timber frames and untanned cowhide webbing. The cultural landscape shifted dramatically approaching the early 1900s, as cities grew and society shifted from farming to industrial culture. People who no longer had to trap or hunt for food began to take to the woods for pure enjoyment and exercise, and the recreational sport of snowshoeing was born. In places like Quebec, recreational clubs held races and hosted hikes for recreational snowshoers, and new designs helped expand the market. Snowshoes became more than simply utilitarian, and with recreational use they became appreciated as aesthetic objects and pinnacles of craft.

Snowshoes.com | Tubbs Snowshoes Factory, Maine

Manufacturers like Tubbs Snowshoes, established in 1906, seized on the shift to recreational winter sports, building skis and snowshoe designs. Later on, as they developed smaller snowshoes using traditional constructions like the revolutionary 1950s Green Mountain Bearpaw, they made winter walking easier for the growing population. It wasn’t until the early 1970s that snowshoe design would radically change again. With the burgeoning back to nature movement, backcountry explorers looked to snowshoes to travel deeper into the mountains. These new designs featured new materials like aluminum frames and nylon decks, with smaller sizes and cleats underfoot for use in mountaineering and more rugged terrain. The eventual products, led by companies like Sherpa Snowshoes, introduced the world to the “Western” style snowshoe.

Snowshoes.com | Modern Snowshoeing Alum-a-shoe


Eventually the Western style snowshoe construction became the norm, replacing traditional wood and rawhide constructions with smaller designs that offered equal flotation and better traction through solid decks and aluminum cleats. Those designs would be further refined in decades to come with introductions like Atlas Snow-Shoe Company’s revolutionary binding suspension system and dual toe and heel traction in 1990. With great advances in lighter, durable materials and more compact, athletic shapes, snowshoes spurred a renewed interest the sport, expanding it to new markets with backpackers, hikers, runners, families and more.

Snowshoes.com | Modern Snowshoeing Atlas 2006 Men's 12Series

Today, snowshoeing has never been more popular, with roughly 5.5 million participants in the United States alone. Easy, accessible snowshoes have opened up a whole new world of winter, from snowshoe trail centers at ski areas and local parks to quiet hiking trails and distant snow-capped peaks with incredible vistas. Snowshoeing has come a long way from its early designs and uses, but there’s never been a better time to explore winter.

Interested in the history of Atlas specifically? Read this post from earlier this year!


Show your Shoes Some Love


If snow hasn’t hit your local mountains yet, don’t worry, it’s coming! While you wait, this is a great time to get your winter gear out of storage and assess it (you don’t want to be to be surprised, while standing at the base of the mountain, with a broken binding).

Hopefully you’ve been storing your shoes in a cool, dry, place all summer.  Your shoes will last longer if they stay dry, and even better if you have a hook or rack to store them at an elevated level. Not only does that clear up floor space, but it provides safety both for you (no one wants to trip or fall on a crampon) and the shoes themselves.

Once you’ve dug the snowshoes out of storage, assess them. This means looking over them, ensuring there are no cracks in the decking, frame, or crampon. Then, check the bindings. Our bindings are made from different materials depending on what shoe it is, and when you bought it. Fabric, plastic, and wires can all wear over time. Does your shoe have a BOA binding? Use it a few times to make sure everything’s running smoothly. Make sure everything secures as it should and you’ll avoid any day-ending surprises outside of the house.

Does everything look good? Then it’s off you go! But don’t think your work has ended once the hike is over. Make sure you wipe your snowshoes off after use, and store them back in their cool, dry, space (hanging or in a snowshoe tote is even better).

Not sure if your snowshoes are fit to hike in? Your local dealer can help you assess them. Just use our dealer locator at the bottom of our website.

Happy SAFE Hiking Everyone!

Meet The Team


We here at Atlas Snow-Shoe Company feel incredibly lucky to have people who love our product. Our engineers spend years working on perfecting something as large as a crampon and as small as a buckle, and it’s pretty cool to see our fans out in the real world using the snowshoes to tackle a mountain, a race, or a family hike.

The benefit and the drawback of outdoor adventuring is that it’s often done in less-populated, quiet, areas. We want to show how much fun everyone is having on their snowshoes, but it’s hard sometimes! That’s where our ambassadors come in.

We are happy to announce our 2017/2018 Atlas Athlete Team. We received a LOT of applications to join this adventure and racing team. Our ambassadors reach far beyond this group; we welcome everyone to continue getting out there and sharing your adventures with us by tagging us on social @atlassnowshoes.

The Atlas Team represents people of all ages, geographic areas, skill levels, and they all have different goals for the next winter. Follow them on our blog, and on our social (@atlassnowshoes), to see where their snowshoes will take them.

Meet the Team

Adventure On Atlas Fans!

Which Shoe For Someone New?



By Jill Nazeer, Atlas Marketing Specialist

Hello out there in snowshoe land. You don’t know me. I’m the marketing specialist for Atlas Snowshoes. I have the best job ever—getting to help people explore the outdoors. I have a secret to admit though… I’m from a large city where snowshoeing was something you did once a year, on vacation, which inevitably was a 2-hour drive in any direction.

When I came to work here I immersed myself in snowshoes, sitting with our engineers for hours hearing about recreational crampons and Nytex decking. I thought, “Wow, this technology is awesome!” (which it is). Next thought was, “But how does this translate to an average Joe or Jane?” As much as we wish we could build holograms of our engineers and send them out to the public, we don’t have the ability (yet).

If you’re an experienced snowshoer or someone completely new, do you REALLY know the meaning of all of these trademarked technological names? How would you find the shoe for you?

The only way to solve the dilemma was to take it to the hills! We’re honored to be located in Seattle, Wash., where snow and mountains are only a short drive away. So I packed the car with every snowshoe that would fit (including some non-Atlas shoes, to be fair to everyone), picked up our Sales Manager and a new-to-snowshoeing (read: unbiased) friend, and we trucked out to Snoqualmie Pass.


And so we walked. We walked up, we walked down, we walked flats, we walked hills, we walked through rain and snow (because…Seattle) and we compared. Want to know what we found out? Our snowshoes are pretty darn awesome. It was really hard to determine which we liked more based on comfort, so we had to get picky.

Here is the process we recommend as you consider a snowshoe:

1) Conditions

Our engineers (like I said, they’re really smart) have determined the perfect conditions for every snowshoe. There are categories of shoes called Backcountry, Peak Series, and Trail Walking. The category you pick means you’ll have the right crampon (traction) for your activity.

Q) But what does that mean?
A) In Laymen’s terms:

  • Backcountry = You’re hiking to the top of a summit or on very technical terrain and need something light, durable, and with really solid traction.
  • Peak = You are to a—you guessed it—peak. Still technical, but you don’t necessarily need death-grip levels of traction.
  • Trail = You need shoes that will get you around on flats or moderate hills.

Once we picked the right category of shoe, we looked at what was within that category. The choices might seem overwhelming, but stick with us here.

2) Bindings

Atlas has several kinds of bindings with fancy names, but really you can see the difference by looking at them. Do you like a few fabric straps? Would you prefer only two straps with a single pull cord? How about a Boa closure?

Q) What’s Boa?
A) You may have seen their products in other places like cycling shoes, golf shoes, snowboard boots, or helmets. Check them out here: https://www.theboasystem.com/

3) Suspension

Atlas has a few names for suspension abbreviated with SLS and LRS, but really they might as well be titled “more snowflip” and “less snowflip”.

Q) What’s snowflip??
A) Don’t worry, I got you. Snowflip is how much snow the shoe digs up and flips back at you as you walk. Ever walked through a lot of mud and realized it was all over the back of your legs later? Snowflip my friends. Some people don’t notice this at all, but some are bothered by it. It’s all about personal choice.

Q) Wouldn’t I just always pick less snowflip?
A) Not necessarily. There are other differences between SLS and LRS. SLS lets the crampon sink deeper into the snow, so it absorbs impact and is easier for you to walk on technical terrain. LRS is great for mellow terrain since it allows for a more natural stride.

4) Size

Snowshoe sizing has little to do with your shoe size, or height, or gender. It’s really all about load, aka how much weight the snowshoes will be carrying. And not just your weight, but the weight of your pack, or snowboard, or picnic basket lunch, or whatever you’re carrying as you walk on those shoes

5) Color

JUST KIDDING, YOU SHOULDN’T BUY ANY TECHNICAL SHOES BASED ON COLOR! Don’t worry, though, all of our colors are pretty great.

In the end, we all liked different shoes for different reasons. And that’d be the same for you as well. You might love a certain binding because it’s easiest to use, or you know you’re walking to the top of Mt Baker and need something technical, or you want to buy a gift for Granny so she can walk to the end of her driveway to get the mail. It’s always best to go into a shop, or attend a demo event, and look at the shoes, touch them, play with them, and ask the employees for help if you need it. But I hope this helps decipher some of the lingo. And hey…don’t you feel just a little bit smarter now?

Need help finding a local dealer? Here you go! http://en-us.atlassnowshoe.com/dealers

Have shoes but don’t know where to go now? We’ve got your back. http://snowshoes.com/

Q) Wait, I’ve read to the end and you haven’t told me which snowshoes you liked best?!
A) Nope, sorry. That’s like asking us to pick our favorite child. It really just depends on the day. Happy snowshoe hunting!

Staying Outside During “Back to School”


It’s that time of year again! New clothes, new pencils (or electronic pens and tablets), new backpacks. Some kids are excited, and some might be dreading, the inevitable back to school weeks.

For a lot of families, “Back to School” might also mean more time indoors. As school programs start to reduce, or maybe even cancel, gym and recess, it’s important to make sure your kids are continuing to learn outside the classroom. We at Atlas encourage year-round outdoor adventures, not just for your physical health, but also as exercise for the mind.

According to a study from The Child Mind Institute, “The average American child is said to spend 4 to 7 minutes a day in unstructured play outdoors, and over 7 hours a day in front of a screen”. This uptick in indoor-time even has a name: Nature Deficit Disorder.

Why is getting outside so important? Can’t kids learn just as well with their screens? The article lays it out for us:

  • It builds confidence. The way that kids play in nature has a lot less structure than most types of indoor play. There are infinite ways to interact with outdoor environments, from the backyard to the park to the local hiking trail or lake, and letting your child choose how he treats nature means he has the power to control his own actions.
  • It promotes creativity and imagination. This unstructured style of play also allows kids to interact meaningfully with their surroundings. They can think more freely, design their own activities, and approach the world in inventive ways.
  • It teaches responsibility. Living things die if mistreated or not taken care of properly, and entrusting a child to take care of the living parts of their environment means they’ll learn what happens when they forget to water a plant, or pull a flower out by its roots.
  • It provides different stimulation. Nature may seem less stimulating than your son’s violent video game, but in reality, it activates more senses—you can see, hear, smell, and touch outdoor environments.
  • It gets kids moving. Most ways of interacting with nature involve more exercise than sitting on the couch. Your kid doesn’t have to be joining the local soccer team or riding a bike through the park—even a walk will get her blood pumping. Not only is exercise good for kids’ bodies, but it seems to make them more focused, which is especially beneficial for kids with ADHD.
  • It makes them think. Nature creates a unique sense of wonder for kids that no other environment can provide. The phenomena that occur naturally in backyards and parks everyday make kids ask questions about the earth and the life that it supports.
  • It reduces stress and fatigue. According to the Attention Restoration Theory, urban environments require what’s called directed attention, which forces us to ignore distractions and exhausts our brains. In natural environments, we practice an effortless type of attention known as soft fascination that creates feelings of pleasure, not fatigue.

We get it, technology is a part of our everyday lives. But we encourage you to make a goal this fall and winter: to get out more or get out in a different way. Maybe this is the time to buy your kids some snowshoes. Maybe it’s getting them so cool new gear that gets them excited about being in the snow. What can we do to entertain our kids away from their screens? The Washington Trails Association has some great games you can print and bring on your hikes. Your kids will have fun, enjoy the outdoors, and YOU get more happy family time. Win win!


Join the Atlas Ambassador Team



Are you interested in joining a community of winter enthusiasts? We are looking for Atlas Ambassadors for the 2017/2018 season. The Atlas Athlete Team boasts a variety of snowshoers: runners, hikers, backcountry adventurers, families, as well as all ages and from all regions of the globe.

We look at the people more than we look at your experience. So if you’re a die-hard snowshoe enthusiast, or if you’re just finding your snow legs, we want to hear from you.

We ask our ambassadors to contribute to blog posts, share on social media, and be leaders in the winter outdoor community. In exchange you get some sweet gear! Check out our website to learn more about our current Atlas Athlete Team.

Are you in? Click the link below to apply. Applications are due September 1st, 2017. Those accepted to Team Atlas will be notified by email.

Find the Team Application Here



Looking for a little push to get you through the hottest days of summer?

As a gift from us to you, here’s a list of some* of our favorite social media accounts and websites that keep us inspired–as people and as a brand.

*SOME….just some…as in, not all.

  Outside Magazine Whether it’s educational, current events, or just drool-worthy photos, the online version of Outside Magazine has got it all. We always look forward to their Gear Guides and Annual Best Towns (hello, we’re headquartered in Seattle!), but you’ll never be bored reading their adventure stories or learning how to cook a 7 course meal while car camping. Their Instagram account is a who’s who of incredible places, think–a yearbook of the world’s best adventures.

The Mountaineers

If you’re looking for a Non-Profit that covers it all, The Mountaineers’ Instagram will inspire you to get out, educate, advocate, and help others in your community to do the same. Itching to get involved? Their website has a lot of ways to help.

A post shared by Michael DiTullo (@d2lo) on

Michael DiTullo The opening line of his “About me” says it all: “People don’t have Picassos, they have stuff”.

  A post shared by Outdoor Project (@outdoorproject) on

  Outdoor Project Outdoor Project is a little bit of everything: a resource for travel, maps and field guides, a social community that allows you to share your adventures, a blog with posts ranging from “Day Float Essentials” to “Protect Your Public Lands: A User’s Guide”. Their Facebook page highlights these educational, and timely, articles while their Instagram account showcases some of the site’s best and most inspiring photography.

Wilderness Culture Wilderness Culture is an Instagram account intended to “inspire your next outdoor adventure”. Not only is the photography beautiful, but we love that they support anyone and everyone (professional photographer to amateur). All you need to do is tag #wildernessculture and you could see your images on their feed!

  A post shared by tentree (@tentree) on

tentree If you don’t know tentree, start getting to know them. While it’s technically an apparel company, they’re also a group of do-gooders (“ten trees” planted for every item purchased…hence the name). Even better, their Instagram account is a collection of beautiful photography, sometimes showcasing their product, but more often not.

Camp4Collective Their “About” section on Facebook: Creativity in Motion for The Outdoor World. Translation: incredible films, even more incredible imagery, and inspiring story telling from the outdoor front-lines. Warning: their YouTube channel might take you away from work for a few days. Better call in sick now.

Lululemonlabvyr Wait…what? Yes we follow apparel and fashion accounts because we are, in fact, a technology and design company. This Instagram account is much more than yoga pants and sports bras. The “lab” version, based in the company’s hometown of Vancouver, highlights the fashion and technology concepts that aren’t of the traditional-Lulu variety. Plus, the product photography is stellar.

A post shared by Play-Doh (@playdoh) on


Because we like to party.

As you get out there on epic adventures, tag us #atlassnowshoes or @atlassnowshoes for a chance to be featured on our social accounts.

Atlas and the Winter Wildlands Alliance



From the Winter Wildlands Alliance:

Dear Atlas Snow-Shoe Company,

SnowSchool is officially winding down for the year and we’ve put together this season-end report to update you on all the recent SnowSchool developments made possible by Atlas’ support this past year.

Program Scope and Impact

As we do at the end of every SnowSchool season, we’ve nearly completed our survey of SnowSchool sites to measure how many participants came through the program this winter. With surveys from most of our major sites in, we estimate that SnowSchool engaged over 33,000 participants across 65 active sites, with 54% of the students qualifying as underserved and 50% of the of kids never having been on snowshoes before! This winter SnowSchool engaged an additional 4,000 adult chaperones, parents, K-12 teachers and volunteer educators. A SnowSchool student had this to say about her experience:

“Dear SnowSchool- Thank you so much for taking us snowshoeing and telling us about wildlife, plus telling us about the water cycle. I told my brother about how fun it was and he can’t wat to go!” –Abbey, 4th Grade Student

Success Stories

Program Expansion: Every winter WWA brings SnowSchool to new communities across the country by working to establish new SnowSchool sites. By partnering with existing organizations WWA can provide the science curriculum, discount snowshoes, educational equipment, on-snow training, over-the-phone/email mentoring and fundraising events necessary to quickly launch a winter program to serve new populations of students. Our national expansion efforts were boosted this year by the first-ever SnowSchool film to appear in WWA’s Backcountry Film Festival. The film, SnowSchool Experiences, featured our Northern Idaho Flagship Site and provided audiences at 107 showings nationwide with a compelling illustration of the program. As a result of this additional exposure and our ongoing efforts, WWA added 8 new SnowSchool sites in the following locations: Idaho City ID, Fairplay CO, Mammoth Lakes CA, Livingston MT, Wenatchee WA, Leavenworth WA, Dillion CO and Plumas County CA. This was the most sites we’ve ever added in a year!

Helping Rural Kids Explore Public Lands: Many successful SnowSchool sites are located in nature centers, Nordic centers, national parks and ski resorts that engage thousands of kids from urban areas every winter. But in many rural and mountainous communities students don’t need to get on a bus and drive hours to a nature center to explore the wilds of winter– they have public land right out the front door of their school. Thus, to bring the SnowSchool experience to students in these rural communities WWA is actively working to develop a new “traveling SnowSchool” program model. The concept was piloted this winter with the US Forest Service at our new SnowSchool site in rural Idaho City. Snowshoes and volunteer leaders arrived at the school and classes of fourth graders headed out the door and onto National Forest land across the street! Look for updates on this project in the coming season as we work to connect all kids with nature and help them understand the importance of our nation’s public lands.

Connecting Students with Snow Science: The SnowSchool program is uniquely situated to help K-12 students explore connections between mountain snow, climate research and water science, topics that are particularly relevant in western states and communities where mountain snow provides approximately 80 percent of the water supply. To capitalize on this opportunity WWA forged a new collaboration in 2017 with the National Resource Conservation Service’s Snow Survey Program. Utilizing NRCS’s network of remote SnoTEL stations (which monitor mountain snow across the west) WWA created a new web-based science activity to follow-up the SnowSchool field trip. This “Snowpack Prediction Contest” enables kids all across the Western US to study decades of snowpack data in their local watershed, and transforms the SnowSchool experience from a one-day event into winter-long science project. Quantitative outcome data collected by WWA shows that underserved students make significant gains is science learning through participation. Fifty-five classrooms of students nationally participated in this project in its first year and WWA aims to expand in future seasons. By combining this innovative snow science curriculum with fun outdoor exploration, SnowSchool is creating for kids both an emotional connection to winter wildlands and greater understanding of the important ecological role of mountain snow.

galena creek snowschool

The Trail Ahead

With your support we aspire to continue our efforts to increase the number of SnowSchool sites nationally and enhance the overall experience for every student. We envision a thriving national program that will foster rich ecological literacy in our communities and introduce generations of kids to the wonders of snowshoe exploration.


Kerry McClay, Ed.D.

National SnowSchool Director



The Story of Atlas

Photo credit Ian Coble
Atlas Trans-Sierra Snowshoe Trek. Five Days; 45 Miles; 12,500 feet vertical gain; 10,800 feet vertical loss; Symmes Creek (Independence, CA) to Wolverton Ski Area (West side of Sequoia National Park). Trekkers: Daniel Emerson, Peter Chapman, Teri Smith, Cameron Martindell. Support Crew: Karen Righthand, Stacey Lee.
2005 Atlas Trans-Sierra Snowshoe Trek. Five Days; 45 Miles; 12,500 feet vertical gain; 10,800 feet vertical loss; Symmes Creek (Independence, CA) to Wolverton Ski Area (West side of Sequoia National Park). Trekkers: Daniel Emerson, Peter Chapman, Teri Smith, Cameron Martindell. Support Crew: Karen Righthand, Stacey Lee.

No, not THAT story of Atlas, but our snowshoe brand of course!

Ever wonder how Atlas Snow-Shoe Company came to be? Some of you might know the general gist: that the product was born from a Stanford student’s engineering thesis. But what happened between then and now?

Our creator’s alma mater put together an amazing history of the brand. You can read it’s complete version here.

What most people might not realize, that you’ll learn in the article, is that Atlas became so much more than its product. Perry Klebahn helped shape the sport by partnering with like-minded brands,  funding and building out snowshoe trails, and producing how-to snowshoe guides for newbies. Fun fact: “One early fan of the sport, Ben & Jerry’s cofounder Jerry Greenfield, even lent his ice cream company’s credibility by sponsoring midnight snowshoe walks.”

We are proud to say that, although changes have been made within the company as well as its product (gotta keep up with the technology), Atlas Snow-Shoe Company will always support the community that supports us. You might see our shoes at your local Nordic center, or on the feet of runners at the US Snowshoe Association’s championship races. We also have the modern-day version of trail guides on our partner site, Snowshoes.com.

It’s fun to look back at our brand’s history, but even more exciting to look ahead at all the possibilities for its future. Thank you for being Atlas fans and continuing on this journey with us!


Are You Up to the Challenge?

Our Atlas fans are an incredible community; you’re up for trying new things and are always sharing your stories and photos, telling us where you’ve been. We thought we’d provide some inspiration as you plan your next trip (particularly in the northern hemisphere where the weather is warming up).

Have you ever taken on the challenging hikes in Marmot’s list? Have something you’d add? Tag @atlassnowshoes or #atlassnowshoes on social media and share your adventures with us!

And if you want to blaze your own trail, add it to Snowshoes.com and get the conversation going!

1. Longs Peaks, Keyhole Route – Colorado

Descending the Home Stretch just off the summit of Longs Peak.

Descending the Home Stretch just off the summit of Longs Peak. James Dziezynski

Despite being one of the most difficult 14,000’ peaks in Colorado, summer days see the pre-dawn parking lot aglow with hundreds of headlamps of aspiring summiters embarking on the Keyhole Route, the most popular way to the top of Longs Peak . Slightly less than 50% of the hikers who attempt Longs actually reach the 14,255’ summit. The 15-mile round trip has over 5,000 vertical feet of elevation gain and the lion’s share of the work is done in the last two miles, where a series of tremendously exposed ledges traverse into a steep, loose, gully, that tops out around 14,000’. From there, the last 250’ are on steep rock, leading to the strangely benign, flat summit block. More challenging may be the descent, where views of the sheer drops and dizzying heights will be unavoidable. Add to that the fearsome winds and regular afternoon thunderstorms that have trapped many hikers on open terrain. All this equates to a hike that requires great endurance, guts, route-finding skills, and a little bit of luck.

2. Mount Whitney, Whitney Portal – California

Mount Whitney crags.

Mount Whitney crags. Ted Alan Stedman

Mount Whitney, 14,505’, is the highest point in the lower 48 states and, by default, the highest mountain in California. The trail to the summit begins at Whitney Portal, 8,360’ and then climbs over 6,100’ and 11 miles (one-way) to the top. The good news is that the trail itself is immaculately maintained, non-technical, and easy to follow, but don’t make the mistake that this is going to be a leisurely stroll in the hills. Ninety-seven switchbacks in a row? Yup, there are 2.5 miles of them. Thin air, sizzling sun, and the looming threat of storms mean that hikers have to keep a good pace in order to finish the 22-mile round trip in style. Have a good heart-to-heart with your quads before attempting this classic test of endurance.

3. Angel’s Landing, Zion National Park – Utah

The final fin of rock to the top of Angel's Landing.

The final fin of rock to the top of Angel’s Landing. Lindsey Tate

With a 5,790’ summit that rises nearly 1,500’ from the ground below, it was remarked upon by Frederick Fisher in 1916 that it was so narrow, only an angel could land upon it. However, clever trail construction has allowed mere mortals to stand atop its harrowing, highest point. It’s only 5 miles round trip but along the way hikers will challenge the notorious set of tight switchbacks known as The Wiggles, followed by hiking along narrow fins of rock, some only 5 feet wide with drops of over 800’ on either side. The exposure is known to tighten the most fortified of sphincters. Bolted-in chains serve as merciful guidelines along the way to the final summit push, where dazzling views of Zion Canyon await for those bold enough top out. Stay focused on the way down since gravity will be doing its best to unseat your footing along the steep sections of rock.

4. Mount Olonoma –  Hawaii

Mount Olomana's 3rd and most challenging summit.

Mount Olomana’s 3rd and most challenging summit. Kevin McCarthy

A 1,643’ summit that juts out of the land like a tropical, tree-encrusted, shark fin, Mount Olonoma in O’ahu is chronically underestimated. At 4.1 miles round trip and an “official” rating of class 3, it seems like the kind of place where hikers can zip up and down and be off to surf in the mid-afternoon sun. It’s this mentality that has given dozens of unprepared hikers the opportunity to say aloha to search and rescue. The spine of rock that connect the three summits is wet, class 4 (or by some accounts, class 5) terrain, notably en route to the third and final summit. Many people choose to hike the first two peaks and leave the third peak for those with ropes, which is a very good idea, but confident, experienced scramblers regularly ascend the peak without the aid of ropes. At least three climbers have fallen to their deaths in recent years and there have been dozens of rescues.

5. Devil’s Path, Catskills – New York

The Devil's Path.

The Devil’s Path. Miguel Vieira

Like many other hikes in this list, the 23.6 mile Devil’s Path in the Catskills can be broken up into a multi-day adventure but hikers who are up for the challenge can knock out seven mountain summits (six of which are over 3,500’) and traverse some of the most beautiful terrain in New York. Oh, there’s also the matter of the 18,000’ (!) of elevation gain made as hikers roll along the ridgelines. And it’s not just a matter of covering the miles; in classic northeast style, trailbuilders eschew switchbacks for most of the route, instead choosing the most direct line, which requires hikers to endure bouts of exposure and mash themselves into rock chimneys. Even the most ardent anti-dabber will reach out for roots to stabilize themselves on the more unbalanced terrain.

6. The Mahoosuc Mile, Appalachian Trail – Maine

Boulder along the Mahoosuc Mile.

Boulder along the Mahoosuc Mile. Gm206

Most hikers agree that this 1 mile section of the 2,179 mile Appalachian Trail is the most challenging of them all. Located in western Maine, this section of the trail passes through Mahoosuc Notch. The challenges here may be subtle compared to other hikes: mossy boulders, narrow caves, and several sections with drops just far enough (around 10’) to seriously damage the bones of any hiker who doesn’t take them seriously. Some of the squeezes turn your backpack into your worst enemy, pushing you into unbalanced stances, while lingering ice can sweep the feet out from under hikers like lightning. This trail is famous for breaking the trance of thru-hikers with a dose of crawling, clawing, and scrambling (which, for some, is also a whole lot of fun).

7. Lone Eagle Peak, Indian Peaks Wilderness – Colorado

The elusive summit of Lone Eagle Peak.

The elusive summit of Lone Eagle Peak. Noel Puldon

There are dozens of worthy candidates for Colorado mountains that toe the line between technical and non-technical—Capitol Peak, North Maroon Peak, and Little Bear Peak all come to mind—but none live on the edge quite as much as 11,920’ Lone Eagle Peak. It’s 16 miles round trip, though the bulk of those miles are on peaceful trail from the Monarch Lake Trailhead. The class 4 scramble along the “Solo Flight” has vexed experienced climbers, mostly because the route finding is often unclear and involves wickedly exposed scrambles around unseen corners and through steep notches. The last portion of the scramble is actually climbing down to the summit from the nearby shoulder of rock. While it’s possible to place spotty protection and use ropes, many who have scaled the peak claim the notion of protection is merely illusory (and slow). To safely claim this summit, scramblers must be adept at a skill that is seldom practiced: downclimbing. Mix in the sustained exposure and loose rock and you have a summit that is only for the bold.

8. Upper Slickrock Creek Trail, Joyce Kilmer-Slickrock Wilderness – North Carolina

The rocks are indeed slick on the Upper Slickrock Trail.

The rocks are indeed slick on the Upper Slickrock Trail. Marshal Hedin

This 3 mile section of the Slickrock Trail connects the lower Slickrock trail to the Naked Ground, the place where you will likely take count of the myriad of slashes, bumps, and bruises you endured on the way up. Locals affectionately call it the “Nutbuster” though to be fair, the trail here is certain to batter many parts of your body equally. Faintly maintained, the barely legible path that ascends 2,000’ to a high point over 4,800’ has been forcibly overtaken by a collection of briars, thorns, fallen trees, slick-as-oil moss covered rocks, defiant stumps, all woven together by a matrix of ankle-snarling roots. Chances are the water crossing on the lower trail will have made your skin supple and soggy, perfect for the aggressive flora that aims to chew you to shreds. It’s easy to get lost in the messy brambles, and the air can be quite a bit colder as you reach the higher sections. Gaiters are advised and possibly a jock-strap, even for the ladies.

9. Borah Peak, Lost River Range – Idaho

Chickenout Ridge on Borah Peak. It looks pretty easy from here...

Chickenout Ridge on Borah Peak. It looks pretty easy from here… reBoyles

Along with Mount Whitney, 12,662’ Borah Peak is a state highpoint. To get a clue about how tough this hike, the standard route is known as “Chickenout Ridge”. Borah’s location is somewhat remote, even by Idaho standards. On paper, it’s a 6.8 mile round trip outing, with a little over 5,200’ of elevation gain—tough stuff, but not unusual for a sturdy mountain hike. What makes Borah a beast is the namesake Chickenout Ridge (known less comically as the Southwest Ridge Route). From a distance, the shoulder of rock looks friendly and inviting, but when you get close up, it reveals its true intentions. Steep, unstable, class 3 rock culminates in a few daring class 4 moves, many of which have caused hikers to conclude that they’d rather go home and watch TV than summit Borah Peak. For those brave enough to summit, the downclimbing may very well be the crux of the entire trek.

10. The Maze, Canyonlands – Utah

First day of hiking in the Maze in Canyonlands, UT.

First day of hiking in the Maze in Canyonlands, UT. Pierce Martin

While they don’t expressly say it, the National Park Service’s message to aspiring hikers to the Maze is, “Sure, you can hike it. You’ll probably die, but hey, that’s none of our business.” They certainly don’t make it easy to reach. It takes at least 3 hours on a 4×4 road just to get to the start of the Maze proper. Once there, your mileage may vary depending on your goals, but the terrain here is baffling to navigate—but wow, is it ever gorgeous. Rounded white rock cliffs, slickrock, polished slot canyons, hidden pools, and airy crags explore the most remote part of Canyonlands. The fabled Chocolate Drops formations may very well be worth the visit, if you can find your way out. Ancient petroglyphs adorn some of the most isolated walls in the region, a testament to the natives who mastered desert living. For those willing to boldly immerse themselves in the Maze, the only issue is they may want to extend their visit beyond a day.

Originally written by RootsRated for Marmot.